INDIAN TRIBES Anasazi
The Anasazi (the ancient Navajo language), were a people native to North America, who lived between the seventh and the end of the fourteenth century.
Today we prefer to call them or Ancestral Pueblo Peoples Ancestral. According to a study from the star-Italian archaeologist Giulio Magli, "The Anasazi are the ancestors of today's Native American Hopi / Zuni, a tribe now living along the Rio Grande in New Mexico and Arizona."
Archaeological traces of this culture can be found as early as 1500 BC, but civilization flourished in the tenth century AD, the entire area that is now cross the border of Utah, Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico. They managed to build a flourishing economy based on hunting and on an efficient agricultural planning.
They lived in villages, often characterized by monumental. In 1250 AD, many villages were abandoned and others are built in positions most difficult to reach. They had no writing. The chronicles tell us deliver great buildings, the archaeological site of Sand Canyon, with a structure of 420 rooms and was built, inhabited and abandoned in just fifty years around 1200.
Extinction in the thirteenth century
Another site that tells the violent story of this people is that of Castle Rock, Colo., which was abandoned around 1274 with the signs of massacre. Hundreds of bodies were found in the excavations of 1925, which showed clear signs of wounds and cannibalism.
Their population died out or emigrated in mysterious circumstances. According to a recent study, however, this population, such as the Maya, was wiped out by drought caused by rising temperatures. In fact, after having migrated to the best land, the drought due to excessive heat prevented him from obtaining supplies of water and make long journeys.
This "discovery" was confirmed by the study of tree trunks: in fact, scholars have analyzed the tree rings in that area and have noticed that during the rainy season, wet, was that of thick rings, while the finer "indicated" vintage dry; during the extinction of this civilization, scientists have noticed a succession of many thin rings.
The discovery of coprolites containing human myoglobin, as well as human femurs and other long bones split to extract the marrow, suggest that, in the final stage of decay of civilizations, the problems related to survival were such as to make mandatory practice of cannibalism.
The name "Anasazi" was given to the ruins discovered by Navajo shepherds about 1800.
Indians Chaco Canyon
New Mexico, USA. In 1888, two cowboys discovered the remains of one of the most enigmatic civilizations of the planet. Chaco Canyon is a long valley 19 km wide and about a mile and a half. Pueblo Bonito is a large complex in the shape of a horseshoe, built in 1100 AD and consists of 700 rooms.
Anasazi we know practically nothing, even if they were aware of the writing. In 2006, an archaeological expedition led by the archaeologist amateur Hanson, discover a series of petroglyphs depicting scenes of hunting and harvest show that this ancient people knew the rock art. The images show scenes of a civilization developed and construction of buildings, until the appearance of skyscrapers, were the tallest buildings in North America. What is known is that they were farmers and experts were obsessed by the energies of heaven and earth.
The mystery of Kiva
The Kiva of the rooms are perfectly circular, present in all the Anasazi settlements. The largest Kiva is the one called "Rinconada House", which has a diameter of 20 meters and a depth of five meters.
The most likely hypothesis is that they were used for religious ceremonies. Covered with wooden roofs, all had a hole in the center. It seems that the Anasazi believed that, thanks to this forum, you could get in touch with the spirits of ancestors and the forces of Earth.
The Anasazi had a knowledge of astronomy. One of the characteristics of their buildings is that they are always aligned in certain astronomical phenomena.
Who were they and what did
Many of the assumptions made about these people, over time, proved to be incorrect. One of the earliest theories was based on a mistranslation of a Navajo word. This people, in 1800, lived in the lands that were the Anasazi. And the term "Anasazi" is derived from a Navajo word meaning "ancient" and "enemies", as was believed at first. They traced their origins to more than 6000 years ago when, in fact, not been heard prior to 2000 years ago.