Celtic Runes: Runic alphabet INTRODUCTION RUNEMAL
RUNEMAL is the equal of our hornbook or basic grammar, which is part the ancient Celtic and Viking Nordic culture, linked to the ancestral myths and legends that spoke of courage, sacrifice, challenges between men, between men and gods, heroes such as Thor, the God ODIN, discoverer of the runes, which gave them the new discovery to men. The runes were used to communicate both in writing legal information, and contracts, both in rituals related to the Druids, the priests-judges-essays that were surveyed in controversy, in marriages, to accompany the warriors in battle - they too often fought, or provided weapons derived from their knowledge secret - to advise the powerful. Who knows the whole runic system, is defined RUNELOR, who plays with the runes and can interpret the complex symbolic system therefrom.
The runes, as part of research done over many years by researchers and recognized experts, are been divided into three main categories, depending on the origin of the use, then, their numbers varies depending on the tradition to which we refer.
The various alphabets runic are the following:
Elder Futhark (24)
Gothic (24 runes, but with differences of graphic symbols)
Futhorc Anglo-Saxon (33 with some differences by the number 1)
Futhorc "Young" (16 with some omissions and differences)
Hungarian (Székely Rovàsìràs)
Turkish (Orkhon - 46 but totally different from the original)
Siberia (Yenisei - 40 with a few similarities with the number 1)
Cirth (runic alphabet created by Tolkien J.J.)
The runic alphabet covered in this site refers to the ancient Celtic Elder Futhark
It is thought to be the oldest version of the runic alphabet and was used in the European regions where inhabited the Germanic peoples, including Scandinavia, probably other versions, have developed from this. The names of the letters are in ancient Germanic language with English translation below. The oldest evidence of etching with the Old Futhark complete discovery of the stone is Kilver Stone, found on a farm in Gotland Stanga, Sweden. The incision was directed towards the interior of the tomb, perhaps as a message to the deceased.